The main purpose of the Arizona State Board of Pharmacy Controlled Substances Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) grants access to prescribers and pharmacists so they may review controlled substance dispensing information for patients. Access is granted to individual licensed health professionals able to prescribe or dispense Schedules II through V controlled substances. Examples of the health professionals with access include physicians, dentists, pharmacists and more. There is no fee to the prescriber or the pharmacist for PMP registration.
In 2007, Arizona's 48th Legislature passed House Bill 2136 establishing the PMP. The bill required the Arizona State Board of Pharmacy (ASBP) to establish the PMP and required pharmacies and medical practitioners who dispense Schedule II, III, and IV controlled substances to a patient, to report prescription information to the PMP on a daily basis. (Laws 2007, Ch. 269)
Since its original conception, the law has undergone several amendments and revisions. For the latest version of the law, see Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.) Title 36, Chapter 28.
A.R.S. § 36-2602 requires the ASBP to establish a controlled substances prescription monitoring program that has a computerized central database tracking system to track the prescribing, dispensing and consumption of Schedule II, III, IV and V controlled substances in Arizona.
The ASBP awarded the original contract to Health Information Designs of Auburn, Alabama on March 31, 2008 to provide data collection, database storage and management, in addition to web hosting services. In December 2013 the contract and system went to Optimum Technology, or OTech, of Columbus, Ohio. The PMP system was purchased by Appriss Health and in January 2017, the ASBP began using the Appriss Health AwaRxE system.
Currently, the law requires both pharmacies serving out-patients and prescribers who dispense out of their offices to report the dispensing of controlled substances in Schedule II, III, IV and V to the PMP. Mandatory reporting by pharmacies began on October 17, 2008. ASBP began collecting dispensing practitioner’s data in October 2009. *Reporting is not mandatory if dispensing solely in a veterinary setting.
The primary function of the PMP is to provide a central repository of all prescriptions dispensed for Schedule II, III, and IV controlled substances in Arizona. Authorized persons may request information from this repository to assist them in treating patients and identifying and deterring drug diversion, consistent with A.R.S. § 36-2604. Assuring confidentiality and the security of the data is a primary consideration for this program for all aspects to include data collection and storage, transmission of requests, and dissemination of reports.
There are several abbreviations used to refer to the PMP nationwide, including:
- CSPMP = Controlled Substances Prescription Monitoring Program
- PDMP = Prescription Drug Monitoring Program